At the Sexual Assault Centre of Edmonton, I found this:
According to Statistics Canada, the median sentences for sexual assault and for other sexual offenses are both 360 days. To compare, the median sentence for robbery is 540 days. This seems deeply flawed—to violently steal property is given more weight in sentencing than to violate the sexual integrity of another human being.
I went to the StatsCan link and found sentencing data by province for 2006/2007. Here, for example, is the table for BC.
Now, if I haven't goofed up the math, it appears that BC has a significantly higher rate of conditional sentencing for sexual assault than either Canada overall or Ontario.
In BC, there were 187 convictions for sexual assault: 68 of those resulted in prison time, 48 in conditional sentences, and 102 in probation.
For Canada overall, the numbers are: 1519 convictions, 753 prison sentences, 244 conditional sentences, and 999 probation.
For Ontario, 535 convictions, 236 prison sentences, 85 conditional, and 427 probation.
(The sentences don't add up to the total convictions, I'm guessing, because probation might go with a lot of other sentences. I am not a lawyer and sit to be corrected.)
In Canada overall, 49% of convictions for sexual assault result in jail time; in Ontario, 44%; and in BC, 36%.
For conditional sentencing, Canada has 16%, Ontario has 15.8%, BC has 25.6%.
OK, this is just one time period. There may be anomalies in the types and numbers of crimes.
But, it's odd, doncha think, that Ontario and Canada line up pretty well, while BC seems quite a bit more lenient?
Just asking. . .